Overview of GST Registration
Goods and Services Tax is referred to as GST. It is an indirect tax that has taken the place of numerous other indirect taxes that were common in India. In the year 2017, it was introduced. Since that time, a single piece of legislation called the GST taxes both commodities and services. GST is a type of tax that customers pay when they buy any products or services, to put it simply. Here, the tax is imposed on the maker, seller of the commodity or service, rather than the consumer, who does not pay it directly to the government. For commercial entities that meet the requirements for GST Registration, the registration is required. The entire GST registration process is conducted online. As a result, companies wouldn’t need to go offline to complete this type of registration.
Why was the GST idea first proposed?
The GST idea was created to achieve a number of goals, including:
One Tax, One Country: One Nation, One Tax was realised with the introduction of the GST concept. Different indirect taxes were in force in the past, but the GST has now eliminated them altogether. Service tax, VAT, and other indirect taxes were frequently encountered.
Stop the tax cascading effect: Eliminating the cascading effect of taxes was one of the main goals of the GST. Taxes used to cascade because people could not previously offset tax credits from one tax with those from another. The former cascading effect of taxes was addressed with the introduction of the GST.
To prevent evasion: GST was additionally implemented to combat tax evasion. Because only invoices uploaded by the appropriate suppliers are eligible for input tax credits under GST, the likelihood of fraudulent invoices being used to claim input tax credits is reduced.
Increase the tax base: GST is a combined tax that is imposed on both products and services, increasing the number of businesses in India that are registered to pay taxes as a result.
Combined turnover: A person’s (with a PAN) aggregate turnover is the total dollar amount of their sales, supplies, and exports of both taxable and non-taxable goods and/or services, excluding taxes.
Request Reference Number or Application Reference Number: After a taxpayer successfully registers on the GST system, an individual number called an ARN is generated.
Casual taxable person: A person who periodically engages in commercial activities involving the provision of products and/or services, whether as a principal, an agent, or in any other role, in a taxable territory without a permanent place of business.
Composite supply: a supply that consists of two or more naturally combined items and/or services, at least one of which is a primary supply.
Composition Scheme: Under the corresponding State VAT Laws, the GST composition plan was put into place. Greater compliance is ensured by the GST composition scheme without the requirement for record-keeping.
GSTN: The Goods & Services Tax Network is known as GSTN. It is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation that offers taxpayers, the federal government, state governments, and other stakeholders IT infrastructure services for the application of the goods and services tax.
GSTIN: Goods and Services Tax Identification Number is what this term refers to. It is a 15-digit registration number that is given to taxpayers who have registered for GST.
GSTR: The GSTR is a document that contains information about the income that must be legally reported to the GST department. Returns must all be submitted electronically. Tax authorities utilise GSTR to determine the taxpayer’s overall tax burden.
Input Service distributor: In order to distribute the SGST, CGST, UTGST, and/or IGST paid for the aforementioned services, the office of the supplier of goods and/or services must receive tax invoices issued under Section 31 of the Act in relation to the receipt of input services.
Input Tax Credit: It is a tax break provided to reduce the amount of GST collected.
Reverse Charge: In most cases, when a supplier provides products, the tax is assessed against the supplier; nevertheless, there are some instances where the buyer of the commodities is subject to the tax. Reverse charge describes this.
Different Types of GST
In India, there are four different forms of GST, which are covered below:
CGST: Central Goods and Services Tax is referred to as CGST. A state must collect CGST on every shipment of goods. This type of tax is collected by the Central Government on an intra-state sale.
SGST: State Goods and Services Tax is referred to as SGST. The State Government collects this type of GST, which is imposed on transactions made inside its administrative boundaries. Given that each State Government has its own laws, the SGST’s characteristics may differ by state. The classification of products and services, valuation, and taxable events, however, are all shared across the country.
IGST: Interstate transactions, or transactions between two states, are subject to the Integrated Goods and Services Tax, or IGST. It is assessed on exports, imports, and interstate supply of goods and services (IGST plus customs). The federal government collects IGST.
UTGST: Union Territory Goods and Services Tax is referred to as UTGST. It is applicable to business dealings in the Union Territories for both goods and services. In UTs such the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman Diu, Chandigarh, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli, IGST is charged on the supply of goods. UTGST is assessed in addition to CGST.
Eligibility to Register for GST
As long as they meet the requirements for GST Registration, any business entity engaged in the purchase and sale of goods or services must register for GST. A business entity must register under GST if its annual revenue exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs for the supply of services and Rs. 40 lakhs for the selling of products.
If a business fits into one of the following categories, they should register for GST:
Interstate commerce: Any business that transports goods from one state to another in India needs to register for GST.
e-commerce system: Anyone providing products or services through an online marketplace must register for GST. According to a recent announcement, e-commerce vendors and aggregators are exempt from registration if their combined sales are under Rs. 20 lakh.
Casual taxable persons: Regular taxpayers should also register for GST. A casual taxable person is someone who provides taxable products or services in a taxable territory without having a permanent place of business.
Exempt from the requirement to register for GST
The following people and businesses are exempt from registering for GST:
- Agriculturists, those who meet the threshold exemption limit, those who provide nil-rated or exempt goods and services, and those who provide non-taxable or non-GST goods and services
- Activities that are neither the supply of goods nor the provision of services; individuals who only make supplies that are subject to reverse charge.
Advantages of registering for GST
The following benefits of obtaining GST Registration are listed:
- Recognition: In the perspective of the law, businesses that have registered themselves in accordance with the GST requirements are recognised. Businesses who have registered in accordance with the government’s standards will be recognised by the general public and consumers.
- Relief from Double Taxes: According to government regulations, each business that registers with GST is eligible for exemptions and reliefs from double taxation.
- Decreased compliance rates: In comparison to the old tax scheme, there are far fewer compliance requirements.
- An increase in government revenue: The possibilities for the government to generate income have improved thanks to the GST.
- Administrative progress: The adoption of GST Registration has increased the effectiveness of logistics.
- Digital Signature Certificate(for director if applicant is company);
- Aadhaar card copy of the proprietor/partners/directors;
- Passport size photograph of the proprietor/partners/directors;
- PAN Card copy of business entity;
- Latest Electricity bill/ bill of any tax paid / Municipal Khata Copy;
- If place is rented, rent agreement will be required, else consent letter is sufficient;
- Bank Statement/ cancelled cheque copy/ copy of first page of passbook;
- Entity should provide registration certificate with Memorandum of Association- Articles of Association / LLP Agreement or Partnership Deed as applicable.
Penalty for Non-Compliance
The CBIC has issued a notification warning that failing to file a GST return by a business could result in severe penalties. One of the punishments would be the attachment of the defaulter’s bank accounts. Therefore, the applicant must submit the proper GST online form.
The fine for non-compliance with the CGST and SGST is Rs. 100 per day, and a delay in payment would result in Rs. 200. The most you can spend is 5000 rupees. If the submission is delayed, there is no late fee for IGST. It should be noted that in addition to the GST late fee, interest will also be imposed at a rate of 18%. The taxpayer must compute it based on the amount of tax due. According to section 122 of the CGST act, failure to comply with the laws governing GST registration may result in severe fines.
Validity of a GST registration
A ordinary taxpayer’s normal GST registration certificate does not have a validity period and is valid until it is cancelled. However, a temporary GST certificate with an expiration date is issued in the case of GST registration for occasional taxpayers and non-resident taxpayers.
GST Registration Cancellation
In the event of the registered person’s passing under GST, either the registered person, the GST officer, or the registered person’s legal heir may cancel the registration. When a GST registration is cancelled, it means that the person is no longer registered for GST and is no longer required to pay or collect GST.
When a registered taxpayer fails to conduct business from the designated location, issues an invoice or bill without providing any goods or services, violates the GST Laws, or fails to file a GSTR within the last six months, an officer may choose to cancel the registered taxpayer’s GST registration.
A GST registration may also be voluntarily cancelled if the GST-registered individual discontinues or shuts down his firm, modifies the nature of the enterprise, experiences a decline in revenue, passes away as a sole proprietor, or for any other cause.